Types Of Bread: Sure you love bread. When you enter a bakeshop, it excites you because there are a lot of delicious breads to choose from. Generally made from wheat flour dough, bread is one of the most loved foods. And all over the world, bread is one of the most basic and oldest staple foods since the Neolithic era.
Therefore, there are a lot of types of bread that the world has to offer. French bread, white bread, rye bread, pita bread, and more! As a bread lover, how many types of bread you can name? Here is a list of some of the types of bread that the world has to offer.
White bread uses the central core of wheat flour grain. It is the most common variety of bread. To give white bread taste and flavor, different contents, such as vegetable flours, herbs, seeds, or a mixture of these are added.
This is a healthy variety of bread because it provides more fiber to improve digestive health. It is made by combining assorted whole meal, white, or rye flour.
It becomes multigrain when one or some of the following various constituents are added: wheat germ, vegetable pieces, nuts, seeds, fruits, spices, whole grains of wheat, oats, corns, rice, barley, gluten, honey, and non-fat milk solids.
This type of bread is further classified into two types, namely, heavy multigrain bread and light multigrain bread. Heavy multigrain breads have a high content of grain, small volume, and dense texture while light multigrain breads are similar to white breads with small content of grains, oats, and other wheat.
Flat breads are the oldest types of bread ever made by human. In the Middle East, pita bread is the most popular and most common type of flat bread. The basic flat breads are made of the most basic ingredients, namely, flour, water, and salt.
Wheat is the most used for making flat breads, but other grains, such as barley, millet, corn, oats, rice, and rye can also be used to make assorted kinds of flat breads. They can be made into single layer or double layer depending on the use and preference.
Flat bread varies in different countries. In China, flatbreads are laobing, in Armenia, they are lavash, in Norway, they are lefse, in Yemen, they are malooga; and others.
Literally, corn bread is made up of high content of corn. It is a healthy type of bread because it does not contain gluten and is marked as a “gluten free product”. It effectively helps in solving intestine problems. Corn breads are high with anti-oxidants like zeaxanthin, lutein, beta carotene, and other carotenoids and are rich with Vitamin E and magnesium. It has 18% more protein compared to regular wheat bread.
Appam bread or colloquially known as “hoppers” are most popular in southern India and Sri Lanka. They are made of fermented rice flour and thinly shaped like bowl. It has a neutral taste and is served with spicy condiment or curry. It is usually served during breakfast or dinner.
Bagels are ring shaped like donuts but with a dense and chewy interior. They are usually topped with sesame seeds or poppy seeds baked into the surface. Bagels are perfect to combine with other foods, such as ham, cheese, mayonnaise, and other food complements depending on your taste and choice. They last longer compared to wheat breads.
Baguettes are most common and popular in France. They are also called yeast bread. The ingredients are water, flour, yeast, and salt. They are shaped into elongated loaf with slits on the top surface to allow gas expansion. They are hard in texture and usually re-heated before consumption.
Toasted breads are typically served for breakfast topped with warm milk with sugar and butter. Other ingredients, such as paprika, salt, pepper, raisins, cinnamon, and cocoa may be added. Toasted breads vary in different regions. For instance in New England, toasted breads are milk toasts that are dipped in milk-based white sauce.
Rye breads originated in Europe. They are basically wholemeal breads made of rye or a mixture of rye and wheat flour. They are made in different sizes and shapes. Rye dough has less water than dough and made of ordinary flour so they are stiff and maintain their shape.
Also, rye dough is weak because rye flour contains a small amount of dough strengthening proteins. To stop rye bread from being doughy and sticky, it undergoes several proving stages to raise the acidity and kill the amylase.
When processing wholemeal doughs, the amount of water added to reach optimum dough consistency is increased because the bran of wholemeal absorbs more water compared to ordinary wheat flour.
The dough is weaker because the bran breaks up the strong protein bonds thus, weakening the dough structure. This will make the dough collapse when it rises, so extra protein is added to make the dough stronger and stop it from collapsing.
Wholemeal breads are healthy because they contain more vitamins and minerals compared to white bread. They also promote good digestion and healthy weight loss because they are an excellent source of dietary fiber.
Other Types of Bread
The above mentioned types of bread are just a few of the hundreds of types of bread in the world. Depending on your personal preference and health concerns, breads are good way to fill our empty stomach and lighten our mood. The following are some other types of bread:
- Fruit bread
- Hearth bread
- Lavash bread
- Olive bread
- Walnut bread
- Potato Dill bread
- Ricotta bread
- Chinese steamed bread
- Pumpernickel bread
Some people say that eating too much bread makes a person fat. However, that is not completely true. The calories contained in breads are easy to burn. It’s the other ingredients that we add or put on top of the loaves that add to the calorie content of the bread we eat. Therefore, the simpler the bread, the less calories it contains.